Created: 16 April 2015

Biomass is a renewable resource resulting from organic matter—plant or animal origin—with the main purpose of producing energy. In Brazil, the main sources of biomass are firewood, charcoal, and although in a smaller scale, wood pellets as well.

Energy forest is a planted forest and has biomass for energy as the main product. It is strategically formed to generate clean, renewable energy. Energy forests can supply power plants competitively, decentralizing energy production system, in addition to environmental benefits, economic and social, by creating direct and indirect jobs in the deployment area.

Other important benefits are the reduction of pressure for deforestation of natural forests, and the conservation of important ecosystems and timber production in low supply of natural resources and regions not suitable for the development of other productive activities.

An important product of energy forests is charcoal, which in addition to producing energy is intended to be a bioenergetic reducing the production of pig iron, and the Brazilian steel industry charcoal unique in the world. The substitution of fossil fuels with biomass enables the atmosphere of CO2 sequestration from photosynthesis and carbon in biomass that can be used in place of products or non-renewable energy sources, contributing to the reduction of Greenhouse Gas emissions Greenhouse.